Colombia's Congress on 20 November approved a final peace agreement ending a 52-year conflict between the government and the leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrilla group. Although implementation of the deal is likely to prove challenging over the coming months and years, official end of the conflict, the longest in the Western Hemisphere, nonetheless represents a unique opportunity for the country to turn a page in its bloody history and refocus its efforts on addressing some of its most pressing problems. These include still widespread poverty, high levels of inequality, internal displacement and bridging the urban-rural development gap.